Europe

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Travel Health and Immunization in Ottawa

Even though Europe may not be the first place that crosses your mind when you think about travel vaccination, the Canadian government advises to exercise certain degree of caution when travelling to some European countries.

Contact Centrepointe Medical Consultants in Ottawa to find out whether you should be vaccinated against one or more of the following diseases:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Traveller’s Diarrhea
  • Rabies
  • Polio
  • Influenza
  • Malaria

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a disease caused by a virus that affects the liver. It causes flu-like symptoms: stomach pain and jaundice. Jaundice makes your skin and eyes look yellow.

Hepatitis A is spread through contaminated food and/or water, as well as from person to person. It is relatively common in tropical and developing countries in Africa, Southeast Asia and the Caribbean. You should also consider vaccination when travelling to Latin and South America, Greenland, Asia and certain destinations in Europe.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a disease caused by a virus that affects the liver. It causes flu-like symptoms, stomach pain and jaundice. Jaundice makes your skin and eyes look yellow.

Hepatitis is spread through contaminated/infected blood and body fluids, such as semen and sperm. Hepatitis B is prevalent all over the world, and it is the most common sexually transmitted disease. It can be contracted in East Asia, the Americas and Europe.

Typhoid Fever

70% of cases of typhoid fever in the United States are acquired through international travel. The greatest risk of contracting this disease is associated with travelling to the Indian subcontinent and developing countries in:

  • Asia
  • Africa
  • Central America
  • South America

With increased travel over the past years, North American travellers have been at increased risk.

Rabies

Rabies is common in many developing countries in the Americas, Asia and Europe. Vaccinations are especially recommended to those travelling to Mexico and India. Rabies has a high mortality rate.

Polio

Wild Poliovirus was eradicated in the Western Hemisphere in 1991. However, an outbreak of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 occurred in the Dominican Republic and Haiti in July 2001.

Reservoir countries in Africa and Asia include Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan and Tajikistan. Cases of polio also occur in Australia.

Influenza

Influenza is a contagious disease caused by a virus. This disease is an airborne disease that can spread through droplets from an infected person. Influenza is high risk for seniors or for people with other illnesses, such as heart or lung disease.

Influenza can be contracted in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Australia.

Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. Each year, 350-500 million cases of malaria occur in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Australia and Europe, and over one million people die. Most of them are young children in sub-Saharan Africa.